Water Softener

Removing calcium and a few other minerals that harm household appliances, reduce the cleaning power of detergents, make deposits on clothing, fixtures, dishes, windows, and other household property:  That is the basic definition of water softening. Therefore, a water softener is a device that removes calcium and other minerals from the household water supply. The devices sold for softening water are ion exchange water softeners and, in some locations, portable exchange water.

Calcium and other minerals that make our water “hard” show up in our water to varying extents. Calcium and other minerals are deposited as scale that scientists call calcium carbonate, or limestone – the white residue you sometimes see. This limestone scale is an abrasive and rock-like material. It damages your pipes, appliances and clothes, as well as causing spotting and filming.


The separation of crystalloids from colloids in a solution by diffusion through a membrane.

Reverse Osmosis

The process in which pure water is produced by forcing waste or saline water through a semipermeable membrane.


The destruction of all living microorganisms, as pathogenic or saprophytic bacteria, vegetative forms, and spores.

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